War and Peace

 


War & Peace
Ray Young, Craig Hullinger, Beth Ruyle, Troy Scott

Nov. 9, 2016 

4:00 pm, 
Herald-Tribune Community Room


followed by a Meet and Greet at:

5:00 pm, Vineyard Wine Bar 1528 Main St, Sarasota

Program Sponsored By

Sarasota Sister Cities
sarasotasistercities.org
and
Military Officers Association-Sarasota Chapter
sarasotamoaa.com

Our Panel will discuss issues of War and Peace. Each panelist will make a short presentation about how our efforts can help to ensure world peace. A group discussion will follow the presentations followed by a Meet and Greet where we can continue the discussion.
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The Sister City Association began in 1956 during the United States presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower. After viewing the horrific devastation of human life and property resulting from that tragic moment in world history, Eisenhower thought “citizen diplomacy” might help to reduce the threat of war.

“Citizen diplomacy” in Eisenhower’s way of thinking was an actual “eyeball to eyeball” interfacing of everyday citizens, meeting personally on each others “turf” (in the U.S. and overseas); learning how each lived, carried on their daily lives, overcame whatever challenges they faced, to bring about an enhanced understanding, and thus respect, of all global citizens. It was envisioned this could be accomplished through exchanges (visitations) of citizens, engaged in the arts, business, civic activities (service clubs, boy/girl scouts, etc), education, sports and government.

Sarasota Sister Cities will present a discussion of how citizen to citizen diplomacy works with and compliments military involvement and deterrence. Our three panelists will describe real world experiences and some of their thoughts on how we can continue and improve our efforts as citizen diplomats. Each presentation will be 5 to 10 minutes long leaving substantial time for questions and discussion.

The session will be moderated by Raymond Young Ph.D., Vice President of Education for Sarasota Sister Cities.


Troy Scott is a Past President of the Sarasota Military Officers Association - Sarasota Chapter and Chairman of the Finance Committee of Sarasota Sister Cities. He is a United States Army Colonel Retired and a veteran of the Cold War and two tours in Vietnam. He will discuss Army Civic action programs in Vietnam, Europe, and South America and efforts of the Army to maintain and improve relations with allied nations and individuals. 

Beth Ruyle is the Past President of Sarasota Sister Cities and a former Member of the Illinois Commission For The Support of the Guard and Reserve. As the Director of the South Suburban Mayors and Managers Association near Chicago she worked on a number of citizen diplomatic efforts in support of peace. She will discuss citizen interchanges with the Soviet Union and China.

Craig Hullinger is Vice President of Communications of Sarasota Sister Cities, a United States Marine Corps Colonel Retired, and a veteran of the Cold War and two tours in Vietnam. He will discuss efforts to build and improve relationships with civilians in war zones. 
 He will describe the Combined Action Program and efforts to win the hearts and the minds of the people and how Sister City exchanges helped prevent World War III.



Craig Hullinger Presentation

"I hate war as only a soldier who has lived it can, only as one who has seen its brutality, its futility, its stupidity."


  General Eisenhower before the Canadian Club, Ottawa, Canada, 1/10/46

Monte Cassino, Italy



World War 1 and II, Korea, Vietnam and the Cold War were brutal and resulted in the deaths of many people. We must work to prevent war.

We visited Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos in 2015. Bizarre having little kids pose in front of the Killing Fields monument near Angkor Wat. Everyone was touched by the war. Our driver lost his father and grandfather in the genocide that followed the war.



  
Nuclear weapons ensured that we could destroy our enemies and they could destroy us.



MAD   Mutually Assured Destruction


The one thing we agreed with Communists was not to destroy our countries.


Cold War Bomb Shelter


Take Cover From Nuclear Attack




So How Did We Successfully Avoid Armageddon?

Military Deterrence and People to People Engagement. 




Saying Goodby to our Vladimir Russian Hosts 2014








I am convinced that citizen contacts with people from around the world helps prevent wars.

Everything I learned from the Boy Scouts, Church, and social work also applied to the US Military in the Cold War and Vietnam.





Winning the Hearts of the People.


Rules of War





The Sister City Association of Sarasota



Sarasota Sister Cities and an Israeli Soldier on a Tank


I've known War and I've known Peace

Peace is better



On the Great Seal of the United States the eagle grasps an olive branch in its right talon and a bundle of arrows in its left talon. The olive branch traditionally has been recognized as a symbol for peace.

The olive branch has thirteen olives and olive leaves balanced by of thirteen arrows. They represent the thirteen original colonies.

Olive Branch and Arrows

War and Peace

Quotes - President Eisenhower





War/Defense
"I hate war as only a soldier who has lived it can, only as one who has seen its brutality, its futility, its stupidity."
Address before the Canadian Club, Ottawa, Canada, 1/10/46
"War is a grim, cruel business, a business justified only as a means of sustaining the forces of good against those of evil."
Transcription made for National War Fund at request of Col. Luther L. Hill, 9/11/45
"War is mankind's most tragic and stupid folly; to seek or advise its deliberate provocation is a black crime against all men. Though you follow the trade of the warrior, you do so in the spirit of Washington -- not of Genghis Khan. For Americans, only threat to our way of life justifies resort to conflict."
Graduation Exercises at the United States Military Academy, 6/3/47
"Possibly my hatred of war blinds me so that I cannot comprehend the arguments they adduce. But, in my opinion, there is no such thing as a preventive war. Although this suggestion is repeatedly made, none has yet explained how war prevents war. Worse than this, no one has been able to explain away the fact that war creates the conditions that beget war."
Remarks at Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 10/19/50 [DDE's Pre-Presidential Papers, Principal File, Box 196, Carnegie Institute]

"Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. It is two electric power plants, each serving a town of 60,000 population. It is two fine, fully equipped hospitals. It is some 50 miles of concrete highway. We pay for a single fighter plane with a half million bushels of wheat. We pay for a single destroyer with new homes that could have housed more than 8,000 people. This, I repeat, is the best way of life to be found on the road. the world has been taking. This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron."
Address "The Chance for Peace" Delivered Before the American Society of Newspaper Editors, 4/16/53


"And the next thing is that every war is going to astonish you in the way it occurred, and in the way it is carried out."
The President's News Conference of 3/23/55
"I have spent my life in the study of military strength as a deterrent to war, and in the character of military armaments necessary to win a war. The study of the first of these questions is still profitable, but we are rapidly getting to the point that no war can be won."
Letter, DDE to Richard L. Simon, Simon and Schuster, Inc., 4/4/56 [DDE's Papers as President, DDE Diaries Series, Box 14, April 1956 Miscellaneous (5)]
"When we get to the point, as we one day will, that both sides know that in any outbreak of general hostilities, regardless of the element of surprise, destruction will be both reciprocal and complete, possibly we will have sense enough to meet at the conference table with the understanding that the era of armaments has ended and the human race must conform its actions to this truth or die."
Letter, DDE to Richard L. Simon, Simon and Schuster, Inc., 4/4/56 [DDE's Papers as President, DDE Diaries Series, Box 14, April 1956 Miscellaneous (5)]
"Arms alone can give the world no permanent peace, no confident security. Arms are solely for defense -- to protect from violent assault what we already have. They are only a costly insurance. They cannot add to human progress."
Address before the American Society of Newspaper Editors, Statler Hotel, Washington, DC, 4/21/56
"We know something of the cost of that war. We were in it from December seventh, '41, till August of '45. Ever since that time, we have been waging peace. It has had its ups and downs just as the war did."
The President's News Conference of 6/6/56
"The only way to win the next world war is to prevent it."
Address at a Rally in the Civic Auditorium, Seattle, Washington, 10/17/56
"We must be strong at home if we are going to be strong abroad. We understand that. So we want to be strong at home in our morale or in our spirit, we want to be strong intellectually, in our education, in our economy and, where necessary, militarily."
Radio and Television Broadcast: "The Women Ask the President," 10/24/56
"The hope of the world is that wisdom can arrest conflict between brothers. I believe that war is the deadly harvest of arrogant and unreasoning minds. And I find grounds for this belief in the wisdom literature of Proverbs. It says in effect this: Panic strikes like a storm and calamity comes like a whirlwind to those who hate knowledge and ignore their God."
Address at the Centennial Celebration Banquet of the National Education Association, 4/4/57

"I know something about that war, and I never want to see that history repeated. But, my fellow Americans, it certainly can be repeated if the peace-loving democratic nations again fearfully practice a policy of standing idly by while big aggressors use armed force to conquer the small and weak."
Radio and Television Report to the American People Regarding the Situation in the Formosa Straits, 9/11/58
"Any survey of the free world's defense structure cannot fail to impart a feeling of regret that so much of our effort and resources must be devoted to armaments."
Annual Message to the Congress on the State of the Union, 1/9/59
"But all history has taught us the grim lesson that no nation has ever been successful in avoiding the terrors of war by refusing to defend its rights -- by attempting to placate aggression."
Radio and Television Report to the American People: Security in the Free World, 3/16/59
"In this hope, among the things we teach to the young are such truths as the transcendent value of the individual and the dignity of all people, the futility and stupidity of war, its destructiveness of life and its degradation of human values."
Address at the Opening Session of the White House Conference on Children and Youth, College Park, Maryland, 3/27/60
"We need an adequate defense, but every arms dollar we spend above adequacy has a long-term weakening effect upon the nation and its security."
Waging Peace, page 622